A Study in Infra-Red part 19 Warping the Weather Machine

“Circumstantial evidence is a very tricky thing. It may seem to point very straight to one thing, but if you shift your own point of view a little, you may find it pointing in an equally uncompromising manner to something entirely different”

Sherlock Holmes, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes

Loaded dice

Climate scientists claim that global warming amplifies the risk factors for extreme weather events such as floods and droughts.

Rising temperatures increase evaporation and evapotranspiration which adds moisture to the atmosphere whilst taking it from soil, plants and water bodies, increasing the frequency and intensity of droughts. As the atmosphere holds more water, the risk of extreme rainfall events increases. Under our hypothesis positing the introduction of an over-seeding regime of aerosols into the upper atmosphere, this retention of water followed by eventual deluges would be greatly exacerbated.

As outlined previously in this study, proposals in the 20th century to melt the Arctic ice and warm the climate artificially were considered by the power structure of several nations. The predicted consequences are suspiciously similar to what has actually been occurring to the climate since those ideas were entertained. The notion of Anthropogenic Global Warming should therefore be expanded to encompass Phil-anthropogenic Global Warming.

“If this did occur, the semi-permanent low-pressure belt, the subtropical high-pressure belt and the inter-tropical convergence zone would experience a northward shift.”

Weather modification the evolution of an R and D program into a military operation.

The technical name for these “belts”, referred to by the AMEG group below as “bands”, are the “Atmospheric Convection Cells”.

“The normal pattern comprises 3 bands of weather systems around the planet for each hemisphere, with each band having ‘cells’ of circulating air.  The air rises at the tropics, falls at the next boundary, rises at the next, and falls at the pole.  There has to be an odd number of bands, so that there is air rising at the equator and falling at the poles.  The jet streams are at the boundary between the bands.”
AMEG Strategic Plan

General Wind Directions

Image from NASA

Atmospheric Convection Cells

We need to understand how the high and low-pressure systems work like cogs in the machine of the atmospheric convection system. There are three bands of weather systems for each hemisphere that encircle the earth.

The first band known as the Hadley cell is where hot, moisture-laden air rises near the equator as a low-pressure system, spiralling in and up in an anti-clockwise direction, and falls as it travels poleward at high altitude, sinking as a high-pressure system at around 30 o   latitude on average (where the world’s deserts are located), as dry air descending and spiralling out in a clockwise direction. It warms from contact with the earth as it travels equatorward at low altitude. This cell is driven by differences in heat energy between the equator and the pole.

The Ferrel cell is a pattern of atmospheric circulation in between the Hadley and Polar cells that acts in a similar fashion to a gear. It is important to note that unlike the other cells, it is not driven by differences in heat energy but by friction where the air is in contact with the other two cells. Air rising at the equator would sink at the poles as one convection cell were it not for the fact that the planet is revolving. The Coriolis force causes the spiralling motion that we see in weather systems but also causes this strange reversal in the atmospheric cells. At around 30 o latitude, cooling, dry air from the Hadley cell moving equatorward drags the air from the Ferrel cell downwards with it, intensifying the pressure. As the high-pressure air moves poleward it cools from contact with the earth but the sinking is counteracted by the friction from the rising air at 60 o latitude from the Polar cell which drags the air from the Ferrel cell up with it, and reduces the pressure. The friction from the other two cells overrides the influence of the heat energy differences between the pole and the equator on the Ferrel cell. This band is thus the only one not powered by differences in heat energy, but by friction where the air is in contact with the other two.

The third band, known as the Polar cell is where the ascending air at around 60 latitude travels pole-wards and descends as cold, dry air at 90 latitude as a high-pressure system, spiralling out in a clockwise direction. The air at low altitude travels equatorward, warming from contact with the earth, and rises as warming air at around 60  latitude, rotating in an anti-clockwise direction. This cell is driven by differences in heat energy between the pole and the equator.

A side view of the atmospheric convection cells of the northern hemisphere looks like this:

The northern hemisphere’s large-scale atmospheric circulation systems.

Note the cross-sections of the jet streams along the boundaries of the convection cells. Yes, there are four jet streams, two in each hemisphere. When Mediarologists refer to the “jet stream”, they are usually talking about the Polar jet stream.

The effect of Global Warming on the Atmospheric Convection Cells

Under a warming world, the Hadley cell expands and the subtropical high-pressure region shifts further along the northern latitudes. Applying the same logic, the low altitude winds from the Pole should warm and rise at a greater rate, leading to a corresponding contraction in the Polar cell. The Hadley cell expands, the Polar cell contracts. This results in all the cells being shunted north along with their associated subtropical and polar jet streams. As the northern hemisphere and the Arctic, in particular, are warming at a faster rate than the equator and the southern hemisphere, this effect is more pronounced the further one travels northward. The Polar cell contracts more than the Hadley cell expands.

Several studies have linked a poleward expansion of the convection cells to global warming. Here is one:

“Widening of the tropical belt since 1979”

“Remarkably, the tropics appear to have already expanded — during only the last few decades of the twentieth century — by at least the same margin as models predict for this century. Several recent studies, using independent datasets, show robust trends in different measures of the width of the tropical belt. Based on five different types of measurement, they find a widening of several degrees latitude since 1979.”

“Seidel and Randel report an expansion of 5 to 8 degrees latitude during 1979–2005 in the northern hemisphere.”

Widening of the tropical belt in a changing climate

Again, this matches well with the predictions made by the early geoengineers:

“If this did occur, the semi-permanent low-pressure belt, the subtropical high-pressure belt and the inter-tropical convergence zone would experience a northward shift.”

Weather modification the evolution of an R and D program into a military operation.

Global warming, atmospheric circulation and drought

Atmospheric scientists have attempted to address the question as to why the multi-year drought that California has been experiencing is so unusual. They linked the drought in western and southwestern US to other areas of the world experiencing similar conditions such as Mexico, Brazil, southwestern Australia, southern Africa, northern Africa, the mid-Mediterranean and southern Europe. All these regions lie on the edge of the planet’s mid-latitudes. They found that an expansion due to global warming in the Hadley cell resulted in the centre of the dry, sinking, high pressure air being shifted further north over a broader range to include those heavily-populated regions experiencing drought today. The tropics over the equator have become more humid, whilst the subtropics have become drier. The rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer as one scientist put it.

Is drought the new normal for Southern California?

 “Many regions of the subtropical and tropical continents such as southern Amazonia, Australia, and the southwestern and central United States, have repeatedly experienced extreme droughts over the past few decades, and accompanied by an increasing wetness over the equatorial regions. These phenomena seems to be consistent with an apparent intensified and poleward expansion of the tropical meridional circulation (1, 2), i.e., the Hadley Circulation (HC) observed in recent decades.”

“The HC influences the latitudinal distributions of rainfall, clouds, and relative humidity over half of the earth’s surface, and consequently, it controls the geographic distribution of the world’s dry and wet regions. It can expand or contract in a warmer or colder global climate, leading to major floods and droughts that might have triggered the collapse of ancient civilizations in the past (5). Over the last decade or two, the HC has been expanding poleward at a rate faster than that predicted by the global climate models, contributing to increased droughts over many subtropical regions.”

Illustration of the HC and its relationship to the midlatitude baroclinic eddies: (A) climatology in current climate; (B) the weaker and broader HC projected by many CMIP3 and CMIP5 models; and (C) the stronger and broader HC due to DTS in Lau and Kim. The light orange color illustrates the warming due to greenhouse effect that increases the static stability of the atmosphere and weakens the equator-to-pole surface temperature gradient.

Global warming-accelerated drying in the tropics

Once again, this was one of the climatic changes predicted by the early geoengineers:

  • “decrease of precipitation in the zone between 40 degrees and 50 degrees north, with a probable increase in evaporation;”

Weather modification the evolution of an R and D program into a military operation

The Horse Latitudes

The dry, sinking, high pressure region normally around 30o N, associated with the world’s deserts, is known at sea as the horse latitudes. This strange name originates from the often, stagnant conditions of the ocean experienced here where early explorers were frequently forced to dump their cargoes of dead and dying livestock.

What are the horse latitudes?

An expansion of the horse latitudes poleward of several degrees due to global warming (summer also shifts them poleward) would centre them over the region of the San Joaquin valley (36.6 o N latitude).

The Jet Streams

Embedded within these global belts/bands/cells are the jet streams, of which there four, two in each hemisphere. They occur along the boundaries of the Atmospheric Convection Cells.

 “Specifically, the jet stream is caused by the meeting of air masses just under the tropopause where winds are the strongest. When two air masses of different densities meet here, the pressure created by the different densities causes winds to increase. As these winds attempt to flow from the warm area in the nearby stratosphere down into the cooler troposphere they are deflected by the Coriolis Effect and flow along the boundaries of the original two air masses. The results are the polar and subtropical jet streams that form around the world.

The Jet Stream

As the favourite of the Mediarologists, the particular jet stream they constantly wax lyrical about is technically known as the Polar jet. The area where high and low-pressure systems meet on average at around 60 o latitude, gives rise to this jet stream. 

Now, the boundaries of the atmospheric convection cells are not themselves rigidly confined to the latitudes of 60 o and 90 o of course. They shift and move according to the seasons, further north in the summer of the northern hemisphere and further south in the winter, which is summer in the southern hemisphere.

As the jet streams are the result of the temperature differences between air masses, any form of jet stream manipulation, must be the result of a prior manipulation of the temperatures of the giant air masses that underlie them. Thus, the jet streams move along with the shifts in the atmospheric convection cells.

Due to this warming world, which again, I attribute mainly to warming climate modification, the red pill, we should expect the cells to be shifted poleward with the shift in the polar cell being more pronounced. Any form of jet stream manipulation, must be the result of a prior manipulation of the temperatures of the giant air masses that underlie them. The red pill, unlike CO2, can be applied over any region to any degree required and so the shift in some regions can be more pronounced than in others.

The Ridiculously Resilient Ridge

In 2013 PhD student, Daniel Swain coined the term “Ridiculously Resilient Ridge”.

“The Ridiculously Resilient Ridge is this region of highly persistent high pressure over the north eastern Pacific ocean that has been there more often than not.”

He was referring to the main cause of the 2012-2015 drought which was alleviated somewhat in 2016 and 2017 at least in Northern California, but now seems to be returning.

Due to this persistence, low pressure systems that would bring in much needed moisture are prevented from moving into California. The blocking ridge is exceptional for both its size and longevity. It dissipates during the summer but returns in greater strength during the autumn and winter months. Winter is normally California’s wet season but due to the RRR, rain and snow are diverted to Alaska and the Arctic.

The California Weather Blog

“The Ridiculously Resilient Ridge as it appeared in January 2014. Plotted quantity is 90-day running mean 500mb geopotential height anomaly.”

This also accounted for the large geopotential height anomalies observed in the same region. The height is an indication of how much the atmosphere is rising. The increase of surface pressure due to the shift of the high-pressure zone further north and the increasingly cool land temperatures as it moves poleward, is counteracted by the effect of global warming both on the Ferell cell and the increased “pull” of the upward rising region of the Polar cell.

“The atmospheric height essentially tells you how much the atmosphere is bubbling up (hot air, which is less dense, occupies more space or volume than cold air): a large height measurement indicates a big heat bubble.”

Pressure cooker! Washington, D.C. matches record high pressure reading in heat wave

It is important to note that those regions experiencing high pressure and heat than normal are doing so because of the persisting shift of the atmospheric cells and associated jet streams north, not because heat causes high pressure (the opposite is the case) but because the descending high-pressure zone is moved closer and remains in position.

Everybody knows that the dice are loaded

Everybody rolls with their fingers crossed

Everybody knows the war is over

Everybody knows the good guys lost

Everybody knows the fight was fixed

The poor stay poor, the rich get rich

That’s how it goes

Everybody knows…

Leonard Cohen

Everybody Knows


  • The intentional laying down of artificially-induced cirrus cloud cover by means of aircraft, is one of the primary means of achieving elevated temperatures across the globe in general.
  • This elevates the risk of extreme weather conditions and leads to the capacity to intentionally induce such conditions over strategic regions.
  • Global warming has the effect of shifting the 3 atmospheric convection cells poleward.
  • The Hadley cell in the tropics expands and the Polar cell contracts.
  • The Ferrell cell in between these two cells, is moved poleward along with them.
  • This shift results in the dry, sinking, high pressure region normally around 30 ° N, associated with the world’s deserts, being moved further north over the western and southwestern US and other areas of the world such as Mexico, Brazil, southwestern Australia, southern Africa, northern Africa, the mid-Mediterranean and southern Europe.
  • All these areas have been experiencing drought.
  • The shift is also responsible for the northward movement of the subtropical and polar jet streams, which occur at the boundaries of the cells.
  • Associated with this shift is the region of highly persistent high pressure over the north-eastern Pacific Ocean dubbed “The Ridiculously Resilient Ridge”.
  • Dissipating somewhat in the summer, it returns in greater strength during the autumn and winter, the period when global warming is more pronounced.
  • Winter is normally California’s wet season, during the reign of the RRR, sufficient rain and snow cannot get through. This blocking ridge diverts it northwards to Alaska and the Arctic.
  • The position of this high-pressure region is as much due to the “dragging” effect on the Ferrel cell and associated Polar jet resulting from the contraction of the Polar cell as to the “pushing” effect from the Hadley cell.
  • As the Arctic region is warming 3 times faster than the tropics, the “pull” is likely more pronounced than the “push”.

In part 20 we shall look at the real driving force behind the weirding of the weather across the globe and the role that climate modification plays in it.

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